Bio-Economic Models: State of the Art and Key Priorities

Traditional ox plowing in Ethiopia

 

An initial output of the BioSight project is the following working paper written by Guillermo Flichman and Thomas Allen:

Bio-Economic Modeling: State of the Art and Key Priorities. Guillermo Flichman, Thomas Allen

Bio-economic models are models that combine bio-physical components, often related to crop, soil or livestock, with economic mathematical programming models. The development of this field was spurred by a number of factors, including (a) the multiplicity of objectives in new agricultural policies, that required detailed models to assess multiple different aspects related to agricultural production, (b) increasing acknowledgement of the integrated nature of agricultural production, requiring an integrated assessment approach that accounts for complex interactions between different bio-physical components, and (c) the call to increase co-operation and dialogue between researchers and specialists from differing disciplines.

The paper provides a thorough review of the development and theory behind bio-economic models, as well as a review of different forms of models and sample applications. These include models at different scales (farm, regional, landscape or national), and the differences between static and dynamic models. The paper concludes by discussing the challenges and future directions for bio-economic modelling research.

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