Land Use Change and Agricultural Intensification

An initial output of the BioSight project is the following working paper by Junjie Wu and Man Li:

Land Use Change and Agricultural Intensification

Land use is a central component of efforts to increase food security while maintaining environmental quality of surrounding ecosystems. Land use will play a critical factor in meeting the world's future demands for food, and is also a critical component of global energy markets, as agricultural products are playing an increasingly large role as a source of energy, in addition to fossil fuels. However, expansion of agricultural land into highly sensitive and valuable ecosystems has been acknowledged as a serious driver of environmental destruction and greenhouse gas emissions. Increasing inputs into land, and hence agricultural productivity, is required in order to meet the growing demand for food and fuel with minimal expansion of agricultural land into current non-agricultural land. This paper undertakes a comprehensive review of land use modelling approaches for assessing the environmental and economic impacts of agricultural intensification. It addresses the theoretical foundations of such models, how to parameterize them, and how to better integrate them with bioeconomic models.

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